Papers presented



Session 1

Various Aspects of Ecological Sanitation
in El Salvador and several countries in Latin America

Yadira Cordero

Ecological sanitation in India

Susmita Shekhar

From Lübeck to Durban - international progress on the 10 Recommendations for Action from the 2nd international symposium for ecological sanitation

Christine Werner, Patrick Bracken, Florian Klingel

Sesion 2

The provision of sustainable sanitation services to peri-urban and rural communities in the Ethekwini (Durban) municipality

N A Macleod

Ecological Sanitation in Southern Africa
Many approaches to a varied need

Peter R Morgan

ECOSAN - Economy, Ecology and Sanitation

Almaz Terrefe, Gunder Edstrom

Session 3

Putting Sanitation on the Sustainable Development Agenda Arno Rosemarin

Breaking the sanitation barriers; WHO Guidelines for excreta use as a baseline for environmental health

Thor Axel Stenström

Session 4a

In Search of Ecosan Architecture

R. Fabiola, Garduño L.

Lessons from a Multi-Country Review of EcoSan Experience in East and Southern Africa

Barry Jackson, Andreas Knapp

Inter-disciplinary research on Ecological sanitation in seven west African countries

Amah Klutsé (presenting),
Karin Ahlgren

The ISSUE Programme: Pushing the Paradigm Shift in the Urban Environment

Anne Scheinberg, Gert de Bruijne

Implementation of ECOSAN: Challenges & Opportunities in Nepal

Roshan Raj Shrestha, Prachanda Shrestha, Upendra Paudel, Prajwol Shrestha, Anjali Manandhar

Session 4b

Effects of hygienised human urine on the productivity of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), in the agro-ecological conditions of the village of Sabtenga in Burkina Faso

Fatoumata Sacko Bocoum

Extending the "ecosan loop" to address health concerns from wastewater irrigation in urban and peri-urban areas

Bernard Keraita, George Danso, Emmanuel Obuobie

Urine reuse in agriculture: organizational issues on municipal level Anna Richert Stintzing, Elisabeth Kvarnström, Mats Johansson

Linking Ecological Sanitation and Urban Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

Windberg, Constanze
Otterpohl Ralf,
Nkurunziza Allan, Atukunda Victoria

Environmental Alternatives to Sanitation and Food Sovereignty

Alberto Ysunza-Ogazón, Silvia Díez-Urdanivia, Laurencio López-Nuñez, Enriqueta Martínez-Murillo, Jaime Leyva, Gabriela Romero

Session 5a

Public Acceptability of EcoSan: Experience from Botswana

Benjamin Bolaane PhD, Tshoganetso Tiroyamodimo

Urine diversion sanitation in South Africa: Is this a solution?

Gertrude Matsebe

Sanitation for a rural school in Uganda - a successful implementation process

Elke Müllegger, Markus Lechner

How to overcome barriers to the promotion of Ecological Sanitation

Simataa Nakamboa

Session 5b

Ecosan and Agriculture, Maharashtra, India

Hinnerk Bartels, Dr. S.K. Goel, Martin Wafler

An assessment of the effect of human faeces (humanure) and urine (ecofert) on maize production and water productivity

Edward Guzha, Johan Rockstrom, Innocent Nhapi

Guidelines on use of urine and faeces in crop production

Jönsson H, Richert Stintzing A, Vinnerås B, Salomon

Swedish farmers attitudes to reuse of digestion residues from anaerobic digestion and source-diverted urine

Elisabeth Kvarnström, Anna Richert Stintzing

Session 6a

A mathematical analysis of the drying of faeces in a urine diversion toilet - sensitivity analysis

CJ Brouckaert, T Ridgeway, CA Buckley

A tool for selecting sustainable sanitation arrangements

Jan-Olof Drangert

New boost for standardisation of dry toilets with CE-marking

Kati Hinkkanen

Ten years of operational experiences with the ecosan-biogas plant at a family-owned farm and restaurant in Germany Elisabeth v. Münch (corresponding author)
Heinz-Peter Mang (presenter)
Georg Schultes
Arne Panesar

The Ecosan Source Book, Toolbox and Data Sheets - GTZ Information Support for Ecological Sanitation

Christine Werner, Patrick Bracken, Florian Klingel, Sonny Syahril

Session 6b

Composting human waste from waterless toilets

Jon Fredrik Hanssen, Adam Paruch, Petter D. Jenssen

Microbiological effects on food crops fertilized with sludges produced in an ecosan system B. Jimenez, A. Austin, E. Cloete, C. Phasha

Guidelines for the safe use of urine and faeces in ecological sanitation systems

Caroline Schönning, Thor Axel Stenström

Fate of faecal pathogens and indicator bacteria in urea treatment

Vinnerås B, Jönsson H

Session 7a

The ECOSAN Toolbook: A new tool to promote Ecosan

Jenny Aragundy and Xavier Zapata

An urban ecological sanitation pilot study in humid tropical climate

Petter D. Jenssen, Lau Seng, B. Chong, T. H. Huang, Y. Fevang, I. Skadberg

Enhancing reuse options in DEWATS-projects in Sichuan Province of PR China through ecosan approaches

Panzerbieter Thilo, Jurga Ina, Boitin Tong

Session 7b

Managing greywater with microbial risk assessment

Jakob Ottoson, Thor Axel Stenström

Salmonella isolated in Sewage Sludge traced back to human cases of salmonellosis

Leena Sahlström, Birgitta de Jong, Anna Aspan

Plant growth and microbiological safety of plants irrigated with greywater

L. Salukazana, S. Jackson, N. Rodda, M. Smith, T Gounden, N. Macleod, C. Buckley

Session 8a

Innovative Ecological Sanitation Network, India

Johannes Heeb, Christine Werner, Hinnerk Bartels, Martin Wafler, Ken Gnanakan, Martin Mcwan

Introducing a closed-loop option for management of human waste in Kampala, Uganda

Project Management Unit members of the Kampala City Council Project for Promoting Ecological Sanitation in Kampala

Ecological Sanitation in Guara-Guara

Luís Macario, Madeleine Christine Fogde

Cultural preferences for latrines and flush toilets with wetland treatment in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan

Bahadar Nawab, Ingrid Nyborg, Kjell B. Esser, Petter D. Jenssen

Developing guidelines for legal transformation to enhance ecological sanitation

Luis Enrique Ramos

Perceptions and Acceptability of Urine-Diverting Toilets in a Low-Income Urban Community in Ghana

Tsiagbey, Michael, Danso George, Leslie Anang, Eric Sarpon

Session 8b

Implementation of ecosan in Havana's urban agriculture and the potential of urine as organic fertilizer

Hammer, Martina
Avendano, Viviana
Christiane Jung

A technical theoretical framework for ECOSAN applied to the medium sized Danish town Hillerød

J. Magid, A. M. Eilersen, S. Wrisberg, and M. Henze

Promoting Human Waste Technology Transfer as Requirement for Sustainability of Crop Production in Nigeria

Meludu, Nkiru

Urine Harvesting and Utilization for Cultivation of Selected Crops: Trials from Ibadan, South West Nigeria

MKC. Sridhar, AO Coker, GO Adeoye, IO Akinjogbin

Source separated wastewater: A new resource for producing mineral fertilizer

Lasse Vråle, Petter D. Jenssen and James M. Greatorex

Session 9a

Developing strategies for the disposal and use of greywater in the non-sewered areas of South Africa

KJ Carden, NP Armitage, O Sichone, U.K. Rivett, K Winter

Integrating conventional and ecological sanitation in urban sanitation for the future

Dr. James Dawos Mamit, Peter Sawal, Ib Larsen, Tang Hung Huong, Jakob Magid

Ecological Sanitation meets architecture

Elke Müllegger, Markus Lechner

Session 9b

Urine treatment and use in the Andes

Jenny Aragundy

Ecosan- a step towards sustainable rural development in Eastern Europe

Stefan Deegener, Ralf Otterpohl, Margriet Samwel, Sascha Gabizon

Impact of buried urine diversion waste on environmental quality and plant growth

M. Guness, S. Jackson, N. Rodda, M. Smith, D. Trotter, N. Macleod, C. Buckley

Role of wastewater stabilization ponds in the generation of vector mosquitoes of public health importance: a case study from Faisalabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Mukhtar, Felix P. Amerasinghe, H.J. Ensink, Wim van der Hoek

Session 10a

A Marketing Approach Towards Meeting Millennium Development Sanitation Goals

Richard Holden

The ISWM approach to EcoSan: a research agenda

Stan Maessen, Jeroen IJgosse, Justine Anschütz

UDS Case Study from Genadendal, Western Cape Province, South Africa

Phillip Ravenscroft, Evelyn Oppelt

Human Urine Harvesting in the Municipality of Tepoztlán, Morelos

Ron Sawyer, Francisco Arroyo, Anne Delmaire

Acceptability of dry sanitation: a preliminary study in two informal settlements in Cape Town, South Africa

Ruth Stern with Solomzi Mzamo / Tertius de Jager

Session 10b

Preliminary Studies on the Evaluation of Human Urine as Source of Nutrients for Vegetables in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

PNS Mnkeni, A Austin, and FR Kutu

Assessment of wastewater production and reuse in the peri-urban areas of Faisalabad, Pakistan

Sarfraz Munir, Muhammad Mukhtar

The use of effluent from an anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) for agricultural use in peri-urban communities

S Pillay, K Foxon, N Rodda, MT Smith, C Buckley

Integrating Farming and Wastewater Management - A Life Cycle Assessment of Barley Production using Human Urine

Pernilla Tidåker, Håkan Jönsson

Session 11a

The ABR Concept: A holistic approach to managing wastewater from low-income communities and institutions

KM Foxon, CA Buckley

Onsite Sanitation in Lesotho
From an Eco-Idea to a Business Opportunity

Mantopi Lebofa

Investigating the attitudes of several communities in Nakuru municipality (Kenya) towards sanitation issues and ecosan options

Otieno M Ochola, Elisabeth v. Münch

Biogas and ecological sanitation - combining German and Chinese know-how

Ms Zhang Yuhua, Mr. Hein-Peter Mang

Session 11b

Making sustainable choices - the development and use of sustainability oriented criteria in sanitary decision making Patrick Bracken, Elisabeth Kvarnström, Alberto Ysunza, Erik Kärrman, Anders Finnson, Darren Saywell

Experience with source separating systems for wastewater in Scandinavia

James M Greatorex, Karin Emilsson, Ola Palm, Jakob Magid and Petter D Jenssen

Recycling systems for wastewater treatment - a system evaluation

Petter D Jenssen, Karen Refsgaard, Thor Axel Stenström, Petter H Heyerdahl

Madimba ecosan pilot project to intergrate peri-urban ecosystem; case of Lusaka -Zambia

Obed C Kawanga, Anthony Mwewa